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Engineering Design Centre

Dr Sam Waller


Dr Sam Waller

Dr Sam Waller

Senior Research Associate

Research group: Inclusive Design Group
Telephone: +44 1223 332826
Email: sam.waller

Photograph of Sam Waller


  • MEng (Hons), Mechanical Engineering, UMIST (now University of Manchester), 2002;
  • PhD, Structural Engineering, Cambridge University, 2006;

Sam Waller is a researcher within the Inclusive Design Group at the Cambridge Engineering Design Centre. Sam championed the Inclusive Design Toolkit website, together with a website for e-commerce image recommendationsVision and Hearing Impairment Simulator software , Cambridge Simulation Gloves and Cambridge Simulation Glasses.

Sam has developed web applications for calculating the number of people who would be unable to use a product or service. The Exclusion calculator  assesses tasks against a broad range of user capabilities, and SEE-IT is developed specifically for assessing the visual clarity of text or graphics that are handheld.

Sam's research interests include:

  • Analysing population statistics and creating design tools that enable practising designers to make products that offer a better user experience across a wider range of users.
  • Understanding the extent to which the results from a small set of user trials capture the true diversity of capability evident within a national population.
  • Using variable levels of impairment simulation to measure the demands that particular tasks place on user abilities, which enables a prediction of the corresponding exclusion.

Selected Publications

  • Waller, S.D., Bradley, M.D., Hosking I.M. & Clarkson, P.J. Making the case for inclusive design. Applied Ergonomics 46:297-303 (2015)
  • Waller, S. D., Bradley, M. D., Langdon, P. M., & Clarkson, P. J. Visualising the number of people who cannot perform tasks related to product interactions. Universal Access in the Information Society 12:263-278 (2013).
  • Waller, S.D., Langdon, P.M., Clarkson P.J. Using disability data to estimate design exclusion. Int. J. Universal Access Information Society 195–207. DOI 10.1007/s10209-009-0168-x (2009).
  • Clarkson, P.J., Coleman, R., Hosking, I. and Waller, S.D. Inclusive design toolkit, Engineering Design Centre, University of Cambridge, UK. ISBN 9780954524326 Available at (2007).
  • Mechanics of Novel Compression structures, Phd thesis, Department of Engineering, Cambridge University. Online pdf (2006).