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Professor P John Clarkson FREng
John Clarkson, Professor of Engineering Design
Director, Cambridge Engineering Design Centre
- B.A., Engineering (Electrical Sciences), University of Cambridge, 1984
- Ph.D., Engineering (Electrical Machines), University of Cambridge, 1988
- Doctor Honoris Causa (Engineering Design), KU Leuven, 2012
John Clarkson returned to the department in 1995 following a seven-year spell with PA Consulting Group's Technology Division where he was Manager of the Advanced Process Group. He was appointed director of the Engineering Design Centre in 1997 and a University Professor in 2004.
At PA John gained wide experience of product development with a particular focus on the design of medical equipment and high-integrity systems, where clients required a risk-based systems approach to design to ensure timely delivery of safe systems. John is directly involved in the teaching of design at all levels of the undergraduate course.
His research interests are in the general area of engineering design, particularly the development of design methodologies to address specific design issues, for example, process management, change management, healthcare design and inclusive design. As well as publishing over 500 papers, he has written and edited a number of books on medical equipment design, inclusive design and process management.
Some of John's publications are grouped by topic below. Click here for a full publication list ordered by date.
CLARKSON, P.J. and COLEMAN, R. (2015) History of inclusive design in the UK, Applied Ergonomics, 46(B), 235-247. Available from ElsevierA description of the development of Inclusive Design in the UK, from its early beginnings, through academic research, to its emergence as a toolkit for design.CLARKSON, P.J., WALLER, S.D. and CARDOSO, C. (2015) Approaches to estimating user exclusion, Applied Ergonomics, 46(B), 304-310. Available from Elsevier
A description of methods developed to estimate levels of user exclusion and reasons for such exclusion when using products.HURTIENNE, J., HORN, A-M., LANGDON, P.M. and CLARKSON, P.J. (2013) Facets of prior experience and the effectiveness of inclusive design, Universal Access in the Information Society, 12(3), 297-308. Available from Springer
A study that argues that experience has components, exposure and competence, that are directly relevant for design and that they can predict, to different degrees, the usability of a product.WALLER, S.D., LANGDON, P.M. and CLARKSON, P.J. (2010) Using disability data to estimate design exclusion, Universal Access in the Information Society, 9(3), 195-207. Available from Springer
The ONS disability data source is explained in detail, and a method is presented that uses this data to estimate the exclusion associated with several tasks that occur in series or in parallel.LANGDON, P., LEWIS, T. and CLARKSON, P.J. (2007) The effects of prior experience on the use of consumer products, Universal Access in the Information Society, 6(2), 179-191. Available from Springer
Addresses the issue of what features of products make them easy to use and whether and in what way individual prior experience affect the learning and use of a product design.PERSAD, U., LANGDON, P.M. and CLARKSON, P.J. (2007) Characterising user capabilities to support inclusive design evaluation, Universal Access in the Information Society, 6(2), 119-135. Available from Springer
Addresses designers' needs for user data by setting out the sensory, cognitive and motor dimensions of user capability that are important for product interaction.
CARD, A.J., WARD, J. and CLARKSON, P.J. (2014) Generating Options for Active Risk Control (GO-ARC): Introducing a Novel Technique, Journal for Healthcare Quality, 36(5), 32-41. Available from WileyA description of a before and after pilot study of the Generating Options for Active Risk Control technique, a tool to assist the generation of the risk control options.HORBERRY, T., TENG, Y-C., WARD, J., PATIL, V. and CLARKSON, P.J. (2014) Guidewire retention following central venous catheterisation: A human factors and safe design investigation, International Journal of Risk & Safety in Medicine, 26(1), 23-37. Available from IOS Press
An investigation and analysis of the incidence of retained guidewires and the proposal of effective and practical solutions to reduce future risk.BENIUK, K., BOYLE, A.A. and CLARKSON, P.J. (2012) Emergency department crowding: prioritising quantified crowding measures using a Delphi study, Emergency Medicine Journal, 29(11), 868-871. Available from BMJ
The identification of eight quantified crowding measures, using a Delphi study, which present a comprehensive view of how crowding is affecting ED operations and highlighted areas of concern.JUN, G.T., WARD, J.R. and CLARKSON, P.J. (2010) Systems modelling approaches to the design of safe healthcare delivery, Ergonomics, 53(7), 829-847. Available from Taylor & Francis
An investigation to identify healthcare professionals' preferences for the use of different process modelling approaches in describing treatment pathways.WARD, J.R., BUCKLE, P. and CLARKSON, P.J. (2010) Designing packaging to support the safe use of medicines at home, Applied Ergonomics, 41(5), 682-694. Available from Elsevier
The results of a project for the National Patient Safety Agency to evaluate the value of improved design of medication packaging.CLARKSON, P.J., BUCKLE, P., COLEMAN, R., STUBBS, D., WARD, J., JARRETT, J., LANE, R. and BOUND, J. (2004) Design for patient safety: a review of the effectiveness of design in the UK health service, Journal of Engineering Design, 15(2), 123-140. Available from Taylor & Francis
The results of a project for the UK Department of Health and the Design Council to evaluate the value of design in improving patient safety.
WYNN, D.C., CALDWELL, N.M.H. and CLARKSON, P.J. (2014) Predicting change propagation in complex design workflows, ASME Journal of Mechanical Design, 136(8). Available from ASMEA simulation model to manage change propagation through design workflows, predicting the resource requirements and schedule risk of a change process.MAIER, J.F., WYNN, D.C., BIEDERMANN, W., LINDEMANN, U. and CLARKSON, P.J. (2014) Simulating progressive iteration, rework and change propagation to prioritise design tasks, Research in Engineering Design, 25(4), 283-307. Available from Springer
A model that explores the combined effects of progressive iteration, rework and change propagation during design of interconnected parts within a product architecture.CHALUPNIK, M.J., WYNN, D.C. and CLARKSON, P.J. (2013) Comparison of ilities for protection against uncertainty in system design, Journal of Engineering Design, 24(12), 814-829. Available from Taylor & Francis
A framework to compare the concepts of reliability, robustness, adaptability, versatility, resilience and flexibility as applied to systems design.LE, H.N., WYNN, D.C. and CLARKSON, P.J. (2012) Impacts of concurrency, iteration, design review, and problem complexity on design project lead time and error generation, Concurrent Engineering Research and Applications, 20(1), 55-67. Available from Sage
An analysis of the effects of management levers on the lead time and design errors generated in an engineering process, where the levers represent the amount of iteration, degree of process concurrency and timing of design reviews.WYNN, D.C., GREBICI, K. and CLARKSON, P.J. (2011) Modelling the evolution of uncertainty levels during design, International Journal on Interactive Design and Manufacturing, 5(3), 187-202. Available from Springer
An analysis of the influences of evolving uncertainty levels on the design process with a focus on uncertainties associated with choosing the values of design parameters.CLARKSON, P.J. and HAMILTON, J.R. (2000) Signposting: a parameter-driven task-based model of the design process, Research in Engineering Design, 12(1), 18-38. Available from Springer
A model of design is proposed, founded on the assumption that a design process can be constructed from a predefined set of tasks in which the confidence in key design parameters is used as a basis for identifying, or signposting, the next task.
HAMRAZ, B., CALDWELL, N.M.H., RIDGMAN, T.W. and CLARKSON, P.J. (2015) FBS Linkage ontology and technique to support engineering change management, Research in Engineering Design, 26(1), 3-35. Available from SpringerThe development of an ontology for function, behaviour and structure (FBS) linkages and its application to the case of a diesel engine.KOH, E.C.Y., CALDWELL, N.M.H. and CLARKSON, P.J. (2013) A technique to assess the changeability of complex engineering systems, Journal of Engineering Design, 24(7), 477-498. Available from Taylor & Francis
The development of a matrix-based approach to generate change indices for individual components of a system in order to systematically review the changeability of the systems.HAMRAZ, B., CALDWELL, N.M.H. and CLARKSON, P.J. (2013) A Multidomain Engineering Change Propagation Model to Support Uncertainty Reduction and Risk Management in Design, ASME Journal of Mechanical Design, 134(10). Available from ASME
Proposal for a multidomain model which combines concepts of both the function-behavior-structure (FBS) model with the change prediction method (CPM).GIFFIN, M.L., DE WECK, O.L., BUONOVA, G., KELLER, R., ECKERT, C.M. and CLARKSON, P.J. (2009) Change propagation analysis in complex technical systems, ASME Journal of Mechanical Design, 131(5). Available from ASME
Examination of a large data set from industry including 41,500 change requests that were generated during the design of a complex sensor system spanning a period of 8 years. The data confirms the "ripple" change pattern previously proposed.CLARKSON, P.J., SIMONS, C.S. and ECKERT, C.M. (2004) Predicting change propagation in complex design, ASME Journal of Mechanical Design, 126(5), 788-797. Available from ASME
A quantitative investigation of change propagation in helicopter design leading to a proposed method for predicting change paths in complex systems.ECKERT, C.M., CLARKSON, P.J. and ZANKER, W. (2004) Change and customisation in complex engineering domains, Research in Engineering Design, 15(1), 1-21. Available from Springer
A qualitative investigation of change propagation in helicopter design leading to a proposed framework for describing patterns of change in complex systems.
WYATT, D.F., WYNN, D.C. and CLARKSON, P.J. (2013) A scheme for numerical representation of graph structures in engineering design, ASME Journal of Mechanical Design, 136(1). Available from ASMEDiscussion of an approach to improve access to design spaces of graph structures, by converting graph structures into numerical values and vice versa.CRILLY, N., MOULTRIE, J. and CLARKSON, P.J. (2009) Shaping things: intended consumer response and the other determinants of product form, Design Studies, 30(3), 224-254. Available from Elsevier
Presentation of a framework that represents designers as holding distinct intentions for how product visual form should be interpreted by consumers.JARRETT, J.P., DAWES, W.N. and CLARKSON, P.J. (2007) An approach to integrated multi-disciplinary turbomachinery design, ASME Journal of Turbomachinery, 129(3), 488-494. Available from ASME
Design process execution is improved through the combination of an open data architecture and the dynamic 'Signposting' design process management system.MAIER, A.M., ECKERT, C.M. and CLARKSON, P.J. (2006) Identifying requirements for communication support: A maturity grid-inspired approach, Expert Systems with Applications, 31(4), 663-672. Available from Elsevier
The description of a maturity grid-inspired approach to audit communication practices in design, the social and cognitive processes by which information is selected, messages are exchanged between interacting partners, and meaning is created.MOULTRIE, J., CLARKSON, P.J. and PROBERT, D. (2006) Development of a design audit tool, Journal of Product Innovation Management, 220(B7), 1157-1174. Available from Wiley
Description of a design audit tool that captures good design principles in a form accessible to industry. The tool is based on process maturity principles and explicitly targets the design related activities in small firms.CRILLY, N., MOULTRIE, J. and CLARKSON, P.J. (2004) Seeing things: consumer response to the visual domain in product design, Design Studies, 25(6), 547-577. Available from Elsevier
Discussion of consumer response to product visual form within the context of an integrated conceptual framework, with a particular emphasis on the aesthetic, semantic and symbolic aspects of a cognitive response to design.
The University of Cambridge,
Department of Engineering,
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