Capturing Design Rationale

Research Theme: Knowledge Management

Design rationale is an explanation of why an artefact is designed the way it is, and not designed in any of the many other ways typically considered and rejected.

The Decision Rationale editor (DRed) software tool has been continuously developed since 2002, with support from Rolls-Royce plc, together with the UK EPSRC and Technology Strategy Board. It is owned and controlled by Rolls-Royce plc. Example projects created using DRed v3, and a history of public presentations related to DRed can be browsed here.

Selected Publications

  • Aurisicchio, M., Bracewell, R. H., & Armstrong, G. (2013). The Functional Analysis Diagram: intended benefits and co-existence with other functional models. Accepted for publication in Artificial Intelligence for Engineering Design, Analysis and Manufacturing (AI EDAM) Special Issue on Functional Descriptions in Engineering, 27(3).
  • Aurisicchio, M., & Bracewell, R. H., (2013): Capturing an integrated design information space with a diagram-based approach. Journal of Engineering Design, 24(6), 397-428.
  • Aurisicchio, M., Bracewell, R. H., & Wallace, K. M. (2013). Characterising the information requests of aerospace engineering designers. Research in Engineering Design, 24(1), 43-63.
  • Mieczakowski, A. K., Langdon, P. M., Bracewell, R. H., Patmore, J. J., Clarkson, P. J. (2012). Understandable by design: How can products be designed to align with user experience? In: Designing Inclusive Systems (pp. 133-142): Springer-Verlag.
  • Wang, H., Johnson, A. L., & Bracewell, R. H. (2012). The retrieval of structured design rationale for the re-use of design knowledge with an integrated representation. Advanced Engineering Informatics, 26(2), 251-266.
  • Aurisicchio, M., Bracewell, R. H., & Wallace, K. M. (2010). Understanding how the information requests of aerospace engineering designers influence information-seeking behaviour. Journal of Engineering Design, 21(6), 707-730.
  • Bracewell, R. H., Wallace, K. M., Moss, M., & Knott, D. (2009). Capturing design rationale. Computer Aided Design, 41(3), 173-186.
  • Bracewell, R. H., Gourtovaia, M., Moss, M., Knott, D., Wallace, K. M., & Clarkson, P. J. (2009). DRed 2.0: a method and tool for capture and communication of design knowledge deliberated in the creation of technical products. In M. N. Bergendahl (Ed.), Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Engineering Design' ICED'09, Vol.6: Design Methods and Tools Vol. 6 (pp. 6-223). Stanford, CA, USA: Design Society.
  • Aurisicchio, M., Gourtovaia, M., Bracewell, R. H., & Wallace, K. M. (2008). How to evaluate reading and interpretation of differently structured engineering design rationales. Artificial Intelligence for Engineering Design, Analysis and Manufacturing (AI EDAM), 22(4), 345-358.
  • Kim, S., Bracewell, R. H., & Wallace, K. M. (2007). Answering engineers' questions using semantic annotations. Artificial Intelligence for Engineering Design, Analysis and Manufacturing, 21(2), 155-171.
  • Salustri, F. A., Bracewell, R. H., Eng, N., & Weerasinghe, J. S. (2007). Visualising early engineering design information with diagrams. Journal of Design Research, 6(1/2), 190-217.
  • Bracewell, R. H., Gourtovaia, M., & Wallace, K. M. (2007). Extending design rationale to capture an integrated design information space. In 16th International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED'07). Paris, France: Design Society.
  • Bracewell, R. H., Ahmed, S., & Wallace, K. M. (2004). DRed and design folders: a way of capturing, storing and passing on - knowledge generated during design projects. In Proceedings of the 2004 ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conferences (DETC'04); Vol. 1 (pp. 235-246). Salt Lake City, Utah, USA: ASME: American Society of Mechanical Engineers.
  • Bracewell, R. H., & Wallace, K. M. (2003). A tool for capturing design rationale. In A. Folkeson, K. Gralen, M. Norell, & U. Sellgren (Eds.), Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED'03). Stockholm, Sweden: Design Society.
  • Aurisicchio, M., Bracewell, R. H., & Wallace, K. M. (2003). A design data model to support rationale capture and functional synthesis. In 2003 ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conferences (DETC'03). Chicago, IL, USA: The American Society of Mechanical Engineers.